# Using Machine Learning and Finite Element Modelling to Develop a Formula to Determine the Deflection of Horizontally Curved Steel I-beams

### Elvis Ababu, George Markou, Nikolaos Bakas

#### 2022

#### Abstract

The use of curved I-beams has been increasing throughout the years as the steel forming industry continues to advance. However, there are often design limitations on such structures due to the lack of recommendations and design code formulae for the estimation of the expected deflection of these structures. This is attributed to the lack of understanding of the behaviour of curved I-beams that exhibit extreme torsion and bending. Thus, currently, there are no formulae readily available for practising engineers to use to estimate the deflection of curved beams. Since the design of light steel structures is often governed by serviceability considerations, this paper aims to analyse the properties of curved steel I-beams and their impact on deflection as well as develop an accurate formula that will be able to predict the expected deflection of these beams. By using a combination of an experimentally validated finite element modelling approach and machine learning. Numerous formulae are developed and tested for the needs of this research work. The final proposed formula, which is the first of its kind, was found to have an average error of 4.11% in estimating the midspan deflection on the test dataset.

Download#### Paper Citation

#### in Harvard Style

Ababu E., Markou G. and Bakas N. (2022). **Using Machine Learning and Finite Element Modelling to Develop a Formula to Determine the Deflection of Horizontally Curved Steel I-beams**. In *Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 3: ICAART,* ISBN 978-989-758-547-0, pages 958-963. DOI: 10.5220/0010982400003116

#### in Bibtex Style

@conference{icaart22,

author={Elvis Ababu and George Markou and Nikolaos Bakas},

title={Using Machine Learning and Finite Element Modelling to Develop a Formula to Determine the Deflection of Horizontally Curved Steel I-beams},

booktitle={Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 3: ICAART,},

year={2022},

pages={958-963},

publisher={SciTePress},

organization={INSTICC},

doi={10.5220/0010982400003116},

isbn={978-989-758-547-0},

}

#### in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 3: ICAART,

TI - Using Machine Learning and Finite Element Modelling to Develop a Formula to Determine the Deflection of Horizontally Curved Steel I-beams

SN - 978-989-758-547-0

AU - Ababu E.

AU - Markou G.

AU - Bakas N.

PY - 2022

SP - 958

EP - 963

DO - 10.5220/0010982400003116